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Abacavir Hypersensitivity

Abacavir Hypersensitivity

Abacavir Hypersensitivity

Abacavir is an oral antiviral medicine used to treat HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). It is used with other anti-HIV agents to control and manage the infection. It functions by preventing the virus from replicating and increasing its population throughout the body. Although not a cure for HIV, this medicine is highly potent in preventing the development of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), HIV’s most advanced stage and can be fatal to infected individuals.

Like other anti-HIV medications, Abacavir boosts the body’s immune system to work better and fight the infection. This process helps an infected individual to live a longer and quality life amidst the presence of the virus. Abacavir also lowers someone’s chances of getting HIV-related complications, such as cancer, kidney disease, and liver problems. Consistent use of Abacavir decreases the HIV transmission rate. This medicine is available under the brand name Ziagen.


Can hypersensitivity occur in Abacavir?

When prescribed any form of medicine, there are always precautions and warnings that patients or afflicted individuals should observe. One of these warnings included is hypersensitivity. Now, what is hypersensitivity?

As defined, hypersensitivity refers to the exaggerated response of the body’s immune system to a specific type of antigen. In terms of medications, what’s involved are the drugs and their components themselves. This includes HIV drugs, especially combined medicines made up of two or more anti-HIV agents.


Allergic warning relating to Abacavir

Avoid using Abacavir if you have known hypersensitivity to the medicine, especially to its active ingredients. If symptoms of an allergic reaction occur, report your condition to your healthcare professional immediately and obtain the necessary medical care. For your advantage, the following symptoms of such an allergic reaction are listed:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach pain
  • Tiredness
  • Body ache
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Fatigue


Hypersensitivity to Abacavir can be fatal. Additionally, more health complications can happen if this medicine is used continually despite the development of allergic symptoms. That’s why healthcare professionals who prescribe this medicine should know about this hypersensitivity reaction during diagnosis and dosage management.

Furthermore, it is also necessary to remember that Abacavir is a single-used treatment. As mentioned, it is combined with other drugs, such as Zidovudine and Lamivudine. Anything that has Abacavir on it needs further analysis before the medicine is prescribed to an HIV patient. Some forms of HIV medicines that have Abacavir as an ingredient include Ziagen, Epzicom, Triumeq, and Trizivir.



Hypersensitivity to HIV medication can be life-threatening. It can result in systemic illnesses that will only worsen the condition of people diagnosed with HIV. Additionally, aside from hypersensitivity, informing the healthcare professional of the patient’s medical history also plays a vital role in the efficiency and safety of HIV medicines like Abacavir.

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