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Hepatitis B: Complications, Treatment, and Prevention

Hepatitis B: Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors

Chronic or not, Hepatitis B still yields different medical complications and health dilemmas to millions of people worldwide. Without proper treatment and hospitalization, this disease can take a toll on the health of many individuals, or worse, fatality cases.

In dealing with Hepatitis B, one must be aware that its symptoms do not show as people expected them to be. Note that even if you are not fully knowledgeable of the disease, you might have been experiencing it for years. This is especially true for asymptomatic cases – making it difficult to know your risk and acquisition of the said illness.

With this in mind, we list some of the complications associated with Hepatitis B. We also account for the possible symptoms and signs corresponding to these dilemmas. Consider the following:

Cancer of the Liver

One of the most dangerous medical dilemmas brought about by Hepatitis B is liver cancer. Individuals with the disease have greater chances of getting this kind of cancer, eminently if the condition has already been classified as chronic or long-term.

Some of its major reactions are:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Extreme weakness
  • Pain in the right side of the body
  • Lack of appetite
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Jaundice
  • Unexplained bruising

Two of the major treatment for liver cancer are chemotherapy and thermal ablation. Other than that, surgery is also required to cut out the infected sector of the liver and eradicate the cells that trigger the said medical condition.

Liver Failure

Apart from having liver cancer, the liver can still be at risk of being dysfunctional. This condition is often recognized as the doings of the acute form of hepatitis B. Yes, this is very alarming as it can trigger more serious aggravations to the health. Its major treatment alternative other than medications is doing a transplant involving the liver. Note that this condition can lead to death, so immediate treatment is required.

Some of its major reactions are:

  • Severe stomach pain
  • Jaundice
  • Nausea
  • Severe sickness
  • Unexplained bruising
  • Stomach swelling
  • Personality problems

Cirrhosis

Aside from liver failure, one of the major contributing factors for organ dysfunction is Cirrhosis. It is a kind of inflammation that impairs the liver and flaws its functions. It also requires a liver transplant to ensure that there is no intensive damage within the liver.

Some of its major reactions are:

  • Extreme weakness
  • Sickness
  • Loss of weight
  • Scarring
  • Skin itchiness
  • Stomach pain
  • Ankle swelling

Treatment

Acute Hepatitis B

For individuals having this type of hepatitis, treatment is not required. However, you will be advised by the medical professional to follow good eating menus and lots of rest. Some of the complications associated with this type do not live long on the body, so it is manageable.

Chronic Hepatitis B

For this type, it is different. You will have to consume antiviral drugs to manage and control its complications. As this type can bring about serious dilemmas, you must follow your medications strictly. You are either prescribed ARV medications, injections, or even a transplant of the liver if the cases become worse.

Prevention

Note that a vaccine is available to prevent acquiring Hepatitis B. Once you have been vaccinated, you are safe from its aggravating effects. However, you still need to practice certain precautionary measures to low your chances for other diseases. If you wish to get vaccinated today, consult with your doctor.

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