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Hepatitis B: Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors

Hepatitis B Complications Treatment and Prevention 1

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B refers to a type of infection involving the liver. The leading cause of this infection or disease is HBV or hepatitis B virus. It happens to children, adults, and elderly people. This means that the disease can affect different age groups. But how does this disease occur? Is it acute or chronic? What are the symptoms that make it a severe disease?

This disease can be both acute and chronic. The severity of the condition can lead to more health complications and demands immediate treatment. There are sets of prescription medications that an individual can take as treatment and precautions. These medications can ease hostile symptoms of the said disease and reduce its frequency. The good news is vaccine is available to prevent Hepatitis B.

The availability of a vaccine allows individuals to prevent Hepatitis B acquisition. Young children, especially newborns, are given this vaccine to protect them at an early stage. This is because research shows that HBV virus acquired at an early stage stays in the body for a lifetime. However, if a person has acquired the disease, they must observe some precautionary measures to avoid the infection from being spread to another host. Note that there is no cure for the disease, so one can only rely on medications and a healthy lifestyle routine to prevent the disease from multiplying.

The treatment will also depend on the severity of the disease. It means that if it is acute only, no extensive treatment is needed as the body’s immune system has the capacity to fight off the infection. Meanwhile, if the disease has become chronic, extensive treatment is a requirement since the infection may have gotten worse. Serious health concerns can develop if hepatitis B is categorized as chronic in an infected individual. It is also important to note that if a person has only acquired the acute infection, they may still require strict observation under a healthcare professional to prevent its progression into a chronic stage.

Hepatitis B Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms associated with this disease can are severe. This is why immediate treatment is advised. Treatment makes it easier to control and manage the disease. The symptoms can be categorized based on their severity or type of hepatitis B. Take the following into consideration and discuss with your healthcare professional immediately if you have these symptoms.

If a person has only acquired the acute version of the disease, the symptoms do not necessarily require immediate medical attention. The body’s immune system is capable of managing these symptoms. However, for the chronic type, some of these reactions can be hostile and require urgent medical aid.

  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Chills and fever
  • Pain in the joints
  • Appetite problems
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Unexplained weakness (fatigue)
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin)
  • Light-colored stool
  • Recurrent stomach upset
  • Pain in the belly area

Causes of the Illness

Just like other infections, the most common way to get infected is through close contact with someone who has the virus. That would include irresponsible transmission of the virus through blood and other bodily fluids, where the viral concentration is high. For hepatitis B, the main triggering factors are as follows:

  • Unprotected sexual activity – This is, by far, the easiest way for the virus to infect other hosts. Any sexual contact with a person who has HBV can transmit the virus to a healthy body.
  • Shared needles – Similar to HIV, people who engage in sharing syringes during group activities (may include parties where alcohol or drug abuse is rampant) are more likely to get the virus. Using shared needles, which are probably contaminated with hepatitis B, is a big concern that needs to be prevented.
  • Mother-to-child transmission – Pregnant women who are infected with the virus long before their pregnancy should take precautionary measures during their pregnancy. Transmission of hepatitis B is high for a pregnant woman to her unborn child. Usually, the transmission occurs during delivery, which is why a pregnant woman is given the right medications during labour.

Vaccination is also available for newborns to prevent them from acquiring the infection. Once the vaccine is injected, it works immediately by providing protection to the baby.

Complications Associated with the Disease

Once left untreated, hepatitis B, especially in its chronic stage, may lead to severe health complications. These complications may include:

  • Cirrhosis – Also known as liver scarring, this medical condition is correlated to inflammation in the body. It also obstructs the liver from its normal function and damages its bodily operations.
  • Cancer of the liver – If medications are not given immediately, individuals who are suffering from this chronic illness are likely to develop liver cancer as a result.
  • Liver failure – Ever heard of a liver transplant? It is done when the liver has stopped working and its functions are compromized. If accurate treatment is not administered, the liver will not be able to maintain its healthy operations.

How to Prevent the Illness?

Taking the necessary safety measures and consuming the right medicines are the best options to treat the disease. In preventing it, a series of activities must be avoided to block the virus from infecting, such as unprotected sex and irresponsible use of shared syringes and needles. Other than that, it is also a must to have a regular visit to the healthcare professional to keep track of your progress while you’re on your treatment. This way, you will have a smooth journey in combating the disease. Be aware of the complications you will get if you refuse to consider the precautionary methods of avoiding hepatitis acquisition. Take good care of your liver and live healthily.

You can buy Hepatitis B drugs at kangaroo.co!

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