Hepatitis B Transmission and Risk Factors
What is Hepatitis B?
Described as a form of disease triggered by a virus of a similar name, Hepatitis B can be both acute and chronic. The disease can be treated based on the severity of its infection – short-term treatment or long-term medication. Hepatitis B is usually associated with liver cancer and cirrhosis. Additionally, an individual may show different symptoms of the disease. Others, however, can remain asymptomatic.
Hepatitis B Transmission
There are various ways that Hepatitis B is transmitted. Commonly, the disease is spread by means of bodily fluids, such as blood, secretions, and fluids coming from the sexual organs. The disease can never be transmitted through kissing, sharing of eating utensils, and even coughing.
Consider the following list of agents that Hepatitis B is transmitted:
Any sexual contact or activity
Once an individual engages in sexual intercourse where the usage of a condom is absent, add to that if the person he/she is doing it with has been infected by the virus, there is a possible chance of getting Hepatitis B. Any sexual activity done can give easy access for the virus to infect others.
Needles and Syringes
Alongside other infections, the disease can still be acquired by using needles that are contaminated by Hepatitis B blood. This is especially true if the needle or syringe used is shared by different individuals. Note that this kind of action is pretty much famous on any occasion, so avoid sharing injectable drugs with others.
Today, there have been many cases of Hepatitis B brought about by mother-to-child transmission. Why is this so? This is because of the presence of a virus in a pregnant woman, which she can easily transmit or spread to her child during the birth period. Thankfully, vaccination is available to infants where they can be saved from further infection. Additionally, if you are pregnant and suspect having the disease, consult with your physician and receive urgent treatment.
Tattoos and Piercings
The equipment used in tattoo procedures and body piercings can still be agents for the Hepatitis B virus. This explains the importance of using sterilized or well-cleaned needles during these procedures. As a client yourself to these practices, ensure you are safe from acquiring the infection.
Other sources of transmission
Aside from having the major agents for possible transmission, there are other little ways where someone can still be infected. This includes sharing personal items, such as manicure and pedicure tools, toothbrushes, and even razors. To avoid infection, always use your tools and items.
Why Get Tested?
Being able to know your condition and status helps a lot. To get tested, you will only visit a clinic or the hospital and obtain a request for testing, which will be given by your healthcare professional. Once a sample of your own blood will be taken, you will receive the result after screening. If a positive result arrives, you will be diagnosed of the disease and will likely receive urgent treatment. On the other hand, if a negative result comes back, ask your doctor for a possible vaccination. Know your status and get tested now!
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