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Does HIV Cause Swollen Lymph Nodes?

hiv swollen lymph nodes

What is a swollen lymph node?

A swollen lymph node usually indicates that an infection is active. Oftentimes, it happens alongside fever, chills, and sore throat. But how is it related to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)? Does the infection somehow trigger the said medical condition to occur?

Does HIV Cause Swollen Lymph Nodes?

Lymph nodes is one of the major compositions of the lymphatic system. It plays a significant role in our body’s immunity. The said system also assists in producing antibodies, which help in fighting foreign infections.

Inside the glands are white blood cells that work by neutralizing bacteria or viruses. This explains the swelling of the said organ once infection transmits into the body.

These nodes are located in distinct parts of the body. You can locate them in the groin area, neck, and even on your armpits. When they swell, they appear as bean-shaped glands.

The following best explains how these glands operate and function.

  • Identify the presence of the virus
  • Filter and remove excess liquid
  • Assist in the production of antibodies
  • Attack bacteria and viruses

Although HIV does not necessarily develop any signs, the swelling of your lymph glands already indicates that the virus has entered your body.

Besides swollen lymph glands, other signs of HIV are:

  • Chills or fever
  • Extreme weakness or fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Lose weight


What are the treatment options?

Treating the condition will depend on what triggers them. If it’s triggered by a virus, then antiviral drugs are the first option. If it’s a bacterial infection, antibacterial medications are accessible.

For the human immunodeficiency virus, the usage of antiretroviral therapy is vital. Since it is what doctors recommend, the application of the said therapy should be quick. It stops viral spread and inhibits its replication process.

Home remedies are also available if the swollen nodes become uneasy. It includes warm compress and OTC medicines to relieve the pain.

As mentioned earlier, HIV isn’t the leading cause why the swelling happens. The following are also factors:

  • Infection of the ears
  • Tooth infection
  • Measles
  • Tuberculosis
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma

Speak about your condition with your healthcare professional. You will not know why swollen lymph nodes occur if you do not seek medical therapy. Furthermore, receive immediate treatment if HIV causes such a condition to happen.

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