Incidence rate of HIV in the US
Incidence rate of HIV in American, African-American, and Hispanic People
Incidence rate of HIV in the us. Although preventive measures and antiretroviral treatment have already been introduced to the public, the number of HIV cases continues to rise. Let’s dive into the incidence rate of HIV among American and Hispanic people in recent years.
Statistics and Reports
According to studies, over 1.2 million people in the U.S. have HIV. Thirteen percent of this figure is not yet diagnosed, and testing is heavily necessary. In 2019 alone, approximately 34,8000 new infections were registered in the U.S. However, the number of cases was reduced in 2020. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) stated that this decline in number shows remarkable progress in HIV management since the height of the endemic in the 1980s.
Incidence report of HIV cases in 2019
Below is the status of HIV under certain key points:
Variation by race/ethnicity:
- In terms of races, the highest rate in 2019 involves African-American people at 42.1%
- This is followed by Hispanic/Latino people at 18.4%.
Variation by HIV transmission category:
- In male-to-male sexual contact, the case is high at 81%.
- In terms of heterosexual contact, the reported case in 2019 is also high at 83%.
Incidence report of HIV cases in 2020
New HIV diagnoses in the U.S. pertaining to race and ethnicity:
- In Black/African American, the cases sum up to 12,827. This is established as the highest rate at 42%.
- Hispanic/Latino at 27% or 8,285 cases.
- White American at 26% or 7,831 cases.
- Asian at 2% or 635 cases.
- For multiracial, the rate is low at 3% or 792 cases.
In this report, you will notice the high number of new HIV cases involving Black/African American people. They are the most affected by the infection, followed by Hispanic/Latino people.
New HIV diagnoses in the U.S. pertaining to group of people:
- 8,064 for Black/African American involved in male-to-male sexual contact.
- 6,359 for Hispanic/Latino people involved in male-to-male sexual contact.
- 5,126 for White male-to-male sexual contact.
- 2,674 for Black/African American women involved in heterosexual contact.
- 1,241 for Black/African American men involved in heterosexual contact.
- 858 for White women involved in heterosexual contact.
- 812 for Hispanic/Latina women involved in heterosexual contact.
Government solutions for HIV/AIDS crisis
The Federal government has expanded its approach to reducing new HIV infections, improving HIV services, and boosting preventive strategies for better HIV management. These are as follows:
Reduce the risk of transmission by improving available tools to control the infection.
- HIV Testing
- HIV Medications
- Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission
- Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
- Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
- Condom Distribution Programs
- STD diagnosis and treatment
Evaluate new prevention methods.
- Continuous study and clinical trials for vaccine production.
- Long-acting formulations of pre-exposure prophylaxis or PrEP
Additional efforts have also been established to improve HIV response among racial and ethnic minority groups. Based on the provided statistics, people of color, especially Black/African Americans, are more affected by HIV. Agencies and other major associations that work under the Federal government are also developing and implementing prevention programs to help people at risk acquire the necessary resources and assistance for HIV management.