HIV treatment observes the rule of ART or antiretroviral therapy, which means taking a fixed-dose combination of ARV drugs. This form of treatment includes Atripla. This ARV drug is a combination of three different drugs.
As mentioned, Atripla is comprised of three common HIV medications under two different categories of drugs:
Emtricitabine – NRTI
Tenofovir – NRTI
Efavirenz – NNRTI
NRTI - nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, NNRTI - non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor These categories of ARV drugs work together in preventing the virus from its reproduction activity after the infection. Since HIV makes use of enzymes in their multiplication process, the fixed-dose combination of Atripla inhibits those enzymes from working. This action enables the immune system to work better and decreases the virus in the body.
Just like other antiretroviral medicines, Atripla’s dosage still depends on a number of factors. These include:
Patient’s age (often recommended for adults age 18 and above)
Pre-existing medical conditions
Hypersensitivity to Atripla
Body’s reaction or response to ARV medications
Adult and Children Dosage:
1 tablet daily (for patients at least 40 kgs)
How to take it?
Consume Atripla with water, at least once daily. It is usually done before mealtime. Always consume your daily dosage at the same schedule every day. Doing so will help avoid skipping doses. You can even set the alarm to ensure you are notified of the dosage schedule. Remember to always follow your healthcare professional’s advice in taking Atripla. For dosage change, the same action must be done – consultation with the doctor. This practice will avoid any mistaken dosage, which can obviously impact the treatment process.
Atripla Side Effects
The side effects of this medication may depend on the severity of the disease, as well as the type of dosage that will be provided to you. Doctor consultation is required if any of these side effects persist for a longer time.
Common Side Effects:
Changing of skin colour (darkening or paling)
Joint and Muscle Aches
Severe Side Effects:
Extreme thirst, dry mouth
Yellowing of the skin or eyes
Peeling, blistering or shedding of the skin
Tingling, numbness, burning of the limbs
Swelling of the face and the limbs
Securing Atripla properly helps the medication from not spoiling and being damaged. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight and too much cold. Avoid refrigerating it. Should the medication expire, dispose of it properly.