What Does HIV Stand For?
What does HIV stand for?
HIV is one of the world’s leading health concerns. It is a type of infection that purposely attacks the body’s immune system and causes different health complications. But what does HIV stand for? Below is the overview of HIV that you need to know.
The acronym HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is a viral infection that people commonly get through unprotected sex. Thus, it is described as a sexually transmitted infection. Without proper treatment, it can progress to AIDS. This acronym is defined as “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome”.
As of the present time, HIV doesn’t have a cure. However, treatment is available in the form of antiretroviral drugs. This form of treatment acts in accordance with antiretroviral therapy. It involves the consumption of combined drugs, which can be two or more anti-HIV agents.
How will you know if you have HIV? Well, like other infections, the first way to know of an existing illness is through the symptoms. While some infected individuals can be asymptomatic, the presence of signs and symptoms can help you identify and assess your health status. Here are the widely known symptoms of HIV:
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Skin rashes
- Muscle aches
- Night sweats
- Mouth ulcers
Note that these symptoms are flu-like, which can be hard to tell if HIV already exists within the body. And since these are flu-like, people tend to disregard their condition. So, what can they do further to know their status besides relying on the symptoms? This is where HIV screening and testing become a necessity.
There are different types of HIV tests. These are as follows:
- Antibody Test
- Antigen/Antibody Test
- Nucleic Acid Test (NAT)
Among these tests, NAT can provide the most accurate result. However, its cost can be expensive. The rapid antigen/antibody test will require a finger prick, with results ready after 30 minutes or less.
What are the different stages of HIV?
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) progresses into different stages. These are as follows:
Stage 1 – Also known as the acute HIV infection, stage 1 encompasses most of the flu-like symptoms. During this phase, the viral load is high in the blood.
Stage 2 – This stage is better termed chronic HIV infection. During this phase, symptoms do not appear. However, the virus remains active and continues to make more copies of itself.
Stage 3 – Being the most advanced stage of HIV, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) paves the way for different opportunistic infections. At this stage, the immune system has weakened and is severely damaged. Additionally, the viral load becomes so high.
How can you prevent HIV acquisition?
There are several ways to prevent HIV. Consider the following:
- Use condoms during sexual intercourse.
- Avoid sharing needles or syringes if you engage in drug injection use.
- Take PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) medication.
Taking regular antiretroviral drugs can prevent the further spread of the infection if you already have HIV. What do these drugs do? First, they suppress viral load. Second, they boost and support the immune system. Lastly, they inhibit the replication process of the virus. Some of the best examples of antiretroviral drugs are:
Also available as:
LamivirS $35.00Select options
What is Lamivir S (Lamivudine/Stavudine)? Consisting of Lamivudine and Stavudine, Lamivir S is a fixed-dose combo of ART medicines (antiretroviral) . It is used in different countries, providing aid from the negative effects of the human immunodeficiency virus. Lamivir S is the brand name of Lamivudine/Stavudine. This medication is prescribed for adults. How does it work? As …
Also available as:
Emtricitabine-TenofovirDisoproxil, TavinEM, Tenvir, TenvirEM $70.00 – $1,015.00Select options
What is Truvada? Emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil are the two HIV medicines that comprise Truvada. It is designed to help treat HIV. Apart from its treating quality, the medicine can also be administered as a PrEP medication. Use this medicine to treat children, adults, and adolescents, regardless of age and gender. Truvada is the brand name of Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil, …
Also available as:
Efavirenz-Emtricitabine-TenofovirDisoproxil, Viraday, Vonavir $104.00 – $1,600.00Select options
What is Atripla? HIV treatment observes the rule of ART or antiretroviral therapy, which means taking a fixed-dose combination of ARV drugs. This form of treatment includes Atripla. This ARV drug is a combination of three different drugs. 600mg of efavirenz 300mg of tenofovir disoproxil 200mg of emtricitabine Atripla medication is also available under names such as Viraday …
What is Genvoya? Containing four antiretroviral medicines, notably elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide, Genvoya is categorized as another form of fixed dose ARV medication. It is one of the used drugs for antiretroviral therapy. Take this coated tablet to relieve symptoms and treat viral infections caused by HIV. The said medication is suitable for children …